Gilles Reverdin, DR1 CNRS (INSU)



Note Infrastructure de recherche OHIS.  

Research topics

Upper ocean variability and air-sea interactions.

Observing and investigating the upper ocean variability, both physical (temperature, salinity, sea water isotopologs, ocean currents) or chemical (carbon dioxide, nutrients, isotopologs of sea water).

Recent projects:

-        Strasse/Spurs and SMOS cal-val activities

This includes the investigation of rain-induced stratification using drifters in the tropics

Validated drifter data are found on

-        SURATLANT monitoring from merchant vessels

done with SO SSS (between Iceland and Newfoundland since 1993; between Denmark and Greenland since 1997)

the thermosalinograph delayed mode data are found on

the validated XBT data and chemical surface data from 1993 until 2016 are found on

-        See also validated TSG data from the Tara vessel on (2009-2012) (2013) (2014) (only ‘real-time data’ for 2016-2017)

-        Reconstructing past 120 years surface salinity variability in the Atlantic Ocean.



investigating the spectrum of ocean and air-sea exchange variability from the sub-meso scales to the meso scales, and the interactions with ocean primary production, as well as how it modifies the lower atmosphere

Recent projects

POMME in the North-east intergyre Atlantic (2000-2001)

Meso-scale induced variability in the North Atlantic subpolar and subtropical gyres

Aquitaine plateau variability (EPIGRAM/Gogasmos in 2007-2010)

STRASSE/SPURS in the subtropical North Atlantic (2012-2014)


Measuring near-bottom transport and mixing in the Lucky Strike segment of the mid-Atlantic Ridge.

Recent projects

Graviluck (2007) and MOMAR (2007-2012)


Investigating the ocean freshwater budget with the use of water vapor and seawater istopologs (d18O and d D)

Recent projects

North and tropical Atlantic (2010-2016), with focuses on subpolar gyre in 2014 and on surface distribution in 2012-2016.

Southern Ocean (2017-). With focus on surface distribution, but also deep water formation in the Weddell Sea.


Ocean observing systems

A large variety of ocean observing systems has been implemented in the last hundred years to better monitor the ocean and understand its variability.

I am investigating instrumental or observing system-related biases, measurement characteristics, in particular in order to reconstruct time series of past ocean variability.

Recent projects:

Developing methods for reconstructing past upper ocean variability

Identifying biases in drifter, XBT or sea mammal data

Reconstructing past temperature and salinity surface variability in the Atlantic Ocean since 1896.


Instrumental development

- development of small non-intrusive floats to measure surface characteristics (T,S, waves, sea surface pressure, rainfall rates) and use of new small sensors to alleviate the cost of the measurements.


Other activities

I am coordinating the French SOERE CTDO2 and (with Sylvie Pouliquen at IFREMER).

I am the scientific coordinator of the French CORIOLIS structure devoted to ocean observations that can be acquired, validated and distributed both in near-real mode and delayed mode.




135. Benetti, M., G. Reverdin, I. Yashayaev, N.P. Holliday, E. Tynuan, S. Torres-Valdes, P. Lherminier, P. Tréguer, G. Sarthou and C. Lique. 2016. Composition of freshwater in the spring of 2014 on the southern Labrador shelf and slope. J. Geophys. Oceans, doi: 10.1002/2016JC012244.


134. Dubois-Dauphin, Q., Colin, C., Bonneau L., Montagna, P.,Wu Q., Van Rooij, D., Reverdin, G., Douville, D., Thil F., Waldner, A., and N. Frank, 2016. Fingerprinting Northeast Atlantic water masses using Neodymium isotopes. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta.



133. Bellenger, H., K. Drushka, W. Asher, G. Reverdin, M. Katsumata, W. Watanabe, et K. Ando. Extension of the prognostic model of sea surface temperature to rain-induced cool and fresh lenses. J. Geophys. Res. Sous presse.


132. Benetti, M., H.C. Steen-Larsen, G. Reverdin, A.E. Sveibjörnsdottir, G. Aloisi, M.B. Berkelhammer, B. Bourlès, D. Bourras, G. de Coëtlogon, A. Cosgrove, A.-K. Faber, J. Grelet, S.B. Hansen, R. Johnson, H. Legoff, N. Martin, A.J. Peters, T.J. Popp., T. Reynaud, et M. Winther. Stable isotopes in the atmospheric marine boundary layer water vapour over the Atlantic Ocean, 2012-2015. Scientific Data/Nature. Sous presse.


131. Benetti, M., G. Reverdin, C. Pierre, S. Khatiwala, B. Tournadre, S. Olafsdottir, and A. Naamar, 2016. Variability of sea ice melt and meteoric water input in the surface Labrador Current off Newfoundland. J. Geophys. Res. Oceans, 121, 2841–2855, doi:10.1002/2015JC011302.


130. Boutin, J., N. Kolodziejczyk, and G. Reverdin. 2016. Interannual anomalies of SMOS sea surface salinity. Remote Sensing of Environment, 180, 128-136.


129. Boutin, J., Y. Chao, W. Asher, T. Delcroix, R. Drucker, K. Drushka, N.  Kolodziejczyk, T. Lee, N. Reul, G. Reverdin, J. Schanze, A. Soloviev, L. Yu, J. Anderson, L. Brucker, E. Dinnat, A. Santos-Garcia, W. Jones, C. Maes, T. Meissner, W. Tang, N. Vinogradova, and B. Ward, 2016. Satellite and In Situ Salinity : Understanding Near-Surface Stratification and Sub-footprint Variability.  Bull. Amer. Meteor. Soc., 97, 1391–1407, doi: 10.1175/BAMS-D-15-00032.1.


128. Kolodziejczyk, N., J. Boutin, J.L. Vergely, S. Marchand, N. Martin, and G. Reverdin, 2016. Mitigation of systematic biases of SMOS sea surface salinity. Remote Sensing of Environment, 180, 164-177.


127. Sutherland, G., L. Marié, G. Reverdin, K. Christensen, G. Broström, and B. Ward, 2016. Enhanced turbulence associated with the diurnal jet in the ocean surface boundary Layer. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 39(11), 2820-2838.



126. Alory, G., T. Delcroix, P. Téchiné; D. Diverrès; D. Varillon; S. Cravatte; Y. Gouriou; J. Grelet; S. Jacquin; E. Kestenare; C. Maes; R. Morrow; J. Perrier; G. Reverdin; F. Roubaud, 2015. The French contribution to the Violuntary Observing Ships Network of Sea Surface Salinity. Deep Sea Res. I, 105, 1-18, doi:10.1016/j.DSR.2015.08.005.


125. Benetti, M., G. Aloisi, G. Reverdin, C. Risi, G. Sèze, 2015. Importance of boundary layer mixing for the isotopic composition of surface vapor over the subtropical North Atlantic Ocean. J. Geophys. Res. A, 120, 2190-2209.


124. Gaillard, F., Denis Diverres, Stéphane Jacquin, Yves Gouriou, Jacques Grelet,  Marc Le Menn, Joelle Tassel, Gilles Reverdin, 2015. Sea Surface Salinity from French Research Vessels : Delayed mode processing of the 2001-2013 Thermo-salinometer data set. Scientific Data/Nature, doi:10.1038/sdata.2015.54


123. Pasquet, S., P. Bouruet-Aubertot, G. Reverdin, A. Thurnherr, and L. St-Laurent, 2015. Validation of fine-scale parameterizations of energy dissipation in a region of strong internal tides and sheared flow, the Lucky Strike segment of the Mid-Atlantic Ridge. Deep Sea Res., 112, 79-93, doi:10.1016/j.dsr.2015.12.016.


122. Sommer, A., G. Reverdin, N. Kolodziejczyk, and J. Boutin, 2015. Sea surface salinity and temperature budgets in the North Atlantic subtropical gyre during SPURS experiment: August 2012-August 2013. Frontiers in marine sciences. Ocean observations (manuscript 170083)


121. Tchilibou, M., T. Delcroix, G. Alory, G. Reverdin, S. Arnault, 2015. Variations of the tropical Atlantic and Pacific SSS minimum zones and their relations to the ITCZ and SPCZ rain bands (1979-2009). J. Geophys. Res., 120, 5090-5100, doi:10.1002/2015JC010836.



120. Benetti, M., G. Reverdin, C. Pierre, L. Merlivat, C. Risi, F. Wimeux, 2014. Deuterium excess in marine water vapor : dependency on relative humidity and surface wind speed during evaporation. J. Geophys. Res. A, 2014, vol 119,pp584-593  doi: 10.1002/2013JD020535


119. Bourras, D., H. Brangier, G. Reverdin, L. Marié, R. Cambra, L. Baggio, C. Caudoux, G. Caudal, S. Morisset, N. Geyskens, D. Hauser, A. Weill, D. Hauser, 2014. A new platform for the determination of Air-Sea Fluxes (OCARINA): overview and first results. J. Atmos. Oceanic Technol., 31, 1043–1062.  doi:


118. Boutin, J., N. Martin, G. Reverdin, S. Morisset, X. Yin, L. Centurioni, and N. Reul, 2014. Sea surface salinity under rain cells: SMOS satellite and in-situ drifter observations. Journal Geophys. Res.-Oceans, 119, 55335545, doi:10.1002/2014JC010070.


117. Centurioni L.R., V. Hormann, Y. Chao, G. Reverdin, J. Font, and D.-K. Lee, 2014.

Sea Surface Salinity Observations with Lagrangian Drifters in the Tropical North Atlantic during SPURS: Circulation, Fluxes and Comparisons with Remote Sensed Salinity from Aquarius. Oceanography, 28(1):96–105,


116. Hernandez,  O., N. Kolodziejczyk, J. Boutin, G. Reverdin, N. Martin, 2014. Salinity in the subtropical North Atlantic salinity maximum. Part I: Validation and comparison with Aquarius and in situ salinity.  J. Geophys. Res.-Oceans, 119, DOI: 10.1002/2013JC009610.


115. Hormann, V., L.R. Centurioni, G. Reverdin, 2014. Evaluation of drifter salinities in the subtropical North Atlantic. JTECH-O, 35, 185-192.


114. Kolodziejczyk, N., O. Hernandez, J. Boutin et G. Reverdin, 2014. SMOS salinity in the subtropical North Atlantic salinity maximum : Part II : Observation of the surface thermohaline horizontal structure and of its seasonal variability. J. Geophys. Res. Oceans, 120, 972–987, doi:10.1002/2014JC010103


113. Kolodziejczyk, N., G. Reverdin, and A. Lazar, 2014. Interannual variability of the mixed layer winter convection and spiciness generation in the Eastern Subtropical North Atlantic. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 45, 504–525. doi:


112. Kolodziejczyk, N., G. Reverdin, F. Gaillard, and A. Lazar, 2014. Low-frequency thermohaline variability in the Subtropical South Atlantic pycnocline during 2002-2013, Geophys. Res. Lett., 41, doi:10.1002/2014GL061160.

111. Kolodziejczyk, N., G. Reverdin, J. Boutin, and O. Hernandez, 2015. Observation of the surface horizontal thermohaline variability at meso- to submesoscales in the North-Eastern Subtropical Atlantic, Journal of Geophys. Res. , 120, 2588–2600, doi:10.1002/2014JC010455


110. Reverdin, G., S. Morisset, J. Boutin, N. Martin, M.-S. Martins, F. Gaillard, P. Blouch, J. Rolland, J. Font, J. Salvador, and D. Stammer, 2014. Validation of surface salinity from drifters. JTECH-O, 31, 967-983,doi:10.1175/JTECH-D-13-00158.1.


109. Reverdin1 G., S. Morisset1, L. Marié2, D. Bourras3, G. Sutherland4, N. Ward4, J. Salvador5,  J. Font5, Y. Cuypers1, L. Centurioni6, V. Hormann6, N. Koldziejczyk1, J. Boutin1, F. D’Ovidio1, F. Nencioli3,  N. Martin1 ,D. Diverres7, G. Alory8, R. Lumpkin9, 2015. Surface salinity in the North Atlantic subtropical gyre during the Strasse/SPURS summer 2012 cruise. Oceanography, 28 (1), 84-93, doi:10.5670/oceanog.2015.09.


108. Reverdin, G., 2014. Oceanography : freshened from the south. Nature Geoscience, News and views, 7, 783-784, doi:10.1038/ngeo2268.

107. Roquet, F., C. Wunsch2, G. Forget2, P. Heimbach2, L. Chafik1, C. Guinet3, G. Reverdin4, J.-B. Charrassin4, D. Costa5, L. Huckstadt5, K. Goetz5, K. Kovacs6, C. Lydersen6, O. A. Nøst6, H. Bornemann7, J. Ploetz7, M. N. Bester8, T. McIntyre8, M. M. C. Muelbert9, M. Hindell10, G. Williams10, I. Field10, M. Biuw6, L. Boehme11, M. Fedak11, 2014. On the contribution of seal hydrographic data to the Southern Ocean Observing System. Geophys. Res. Lett. 10.1002/2013GL058304.


106. Roquet, F., G. Williams2, M. A. Hindell2,3, R. Harcourt4, C. McMahon5, C. Guinet6, J.-B. Charrassin7, G. Reverdin7, L. Boehme8, P. Lovell8 and M. Fedak8, 2014. A Southern Indian Ocean database of temperature/salinity profiles obtained with instrumented elephant seals. Scientific data/Data Descriptor Nature. doi:10.1038/sdata.2014.28.


105. Sutherland, G., G. Reverdin, L. Marié, and B. Ward , 2014. Mixed and Mixing Layer Depths in the Ocean Surface Boundary Layer under Conditions of Diurnal Stratication. Geophys. Res. Let., 2014GL061939R.


104. Yin, X., J. Boutin, G. Reverdin, T. Lee, S. Arnault, N. Martin, 2014. SMOS Sea Surface Salinity signals of tropical instability waves, J. Geophys. Res.-Oceans, 2014, DOI: 10.1002/2014JC009960.



103. Boutin, J., N. Martin, G. Reverdin and X. Yin. Near-surface freshening inferred from SMOS and ARGO salinity: impact of rain. In Press, Ocean Sci., 9, 183-192, doi:10.5194/os-9-183-2013, 2013. Special Issue Earth Observation for ocean-atmosphere interactions Science.


102. Cabanes, C., A. Grouazel, K. von Schuckmann, M. Hamon, V. Turpin,                  C. Coatanoan, F. Paris ,S. Guinehut, C. Boone, N. Ferry, C. de Boyer Montégut, T. Carval, G. Reverdin, S. Pouliquen, and P.-Y. Le Traon. The CORA dataset : validation and diagnostics of ocean temperature and salinity in situ measurements. Ocean Sci. os-9-1-2013.


101. Grodsky, S.A., N. Reul, G. Reverdin, J.A. Carton, B. Chapron, Y. Quilfen, V.N. Kudryavtsev, G. Lagerloef, 2013. Haline hurricane wake in the Amazon/Orinoco plume. Aquarius/SACD and SMOS observations. Geophys. Res. Lett., 39, L20603, doi:10.1029/2012GL053335.


100. Grodsky, S.A., G. Reverdin, J.A. Carton, and V. Coles, 2013.Year-to-year salinity changes in the Amazon plume: contrasting 2011 and 2012 Aquarius/SACD and SMOS satellite data. In Press, Rem. Sens. Environ., doi:10.1016/j.rse.2013.08.033.


99. Montero-Serrano, J.-C., N. Frank, C. Colin, N. Tisnérat-Laborde, C.-C. Shen, C.-C. Wu, K. Lin, E. Douville, K. Copard, C. Orejas, A. Gori, L. De Mol, D. Van Rooij, G. Reverdin. A 40 year long cold-water coral record of northeastern Atlantic intermediate water from the Bay of Biscay. Earth and Planetary Science Lett., 364, 134-144.


98. Racapé, V., C. Pierre, N. Metzl, C. Lo Monaco, G. Reverdin, A. Olsen, P. Morin, M. Vazquez-Rodriguez, A.F. Rios, and F.F. Perez, 2013. Anthropogenic carbon changes in the Irminger Basin (1981-2006): Coupling d13CDIC and DIC Observations. J. Marine Systems, GEOTRACE special issue, doi:10.1016/j.marsys.2012.12.005.


97. Racapé, V., N. Metzl, C. Pierre, G. Reverdin, P.D. Quay and S.R. Olafsdottir, 2013 . The seasonal cycle of d13DIC in the North Atlantic subpolar gyre. Bio-geosciences, 11, 1683-1692, doi:10.5194/bg-11-1683-2014.


96. Reverdin, G., S. Morisset, H. Bellenger, J. Boutin, B. Ward, N. Martin, P. Blouch, J. Rolland, F. Gaillard, and P.  Bouruet-Aubertot. Near sea-surface T stratification from SVP drifters. JTECH-O, doi:/10.1175/JTECH-D-12.00182.1.


95. Reverdin, G., S. Morisset, D. Bourras, N. Martin, A. Lourenço, J. Boutin, C. Caudoux, J. Font, J. Salvador. A SMOS surface drifter for air-sea interaction (SURPACT). Oceanography, 26, 48-57.




94. Reverdin, G., L. Marié2, P. Lazure3, J. Boutin1, P. Testor1, N. Martin1, A. Lourenco1, F. Gaillard2, A. Lavin4, R. Somavilla4, J. Mader5, A. Rubio5, P. Blouch6, J. Rolland6, Y. Bozec7, G. Charria3, F. Dumas3, F. d’Ovidio, 2012. Freshwater from the Bay of Biscay shelves in 2009. Doi:10.1016/j.marsys.2011.09.017.


93. Reverdin, G., S. Morisset, J. Boutin, and N. Martin, 2012. Rain-induced variability of near-surface T and S from drifter data. J. Geophys. Res.v117, C2, doi:10.1029/2011JC007549.


92. Signorini, S. R., S. Häkkinen, K. Gudmundsson, A. Olsen, A.M. Omar, J. Olafsson, G. Reverdin, S.A. Henson, C.R. McClain, and D.L. Worthen. 2012. The role of phytoplankton dynamics in the seasonal and interannual variability of carbon in the subpolar North Atlantic – A modeling study. Geosci. Model Dev.,5,683-707,doi:10.5194/gmd-5-683-2012.


91. Terray, L., L. Corre, S. Cravatte, T. Delcroix, G. Reverdin et A. Ribes, 2012. Near-surface salinity as Nature’s rain gauge to detect human influence on the tropical water cycle. J. Climate, 25, 958-977.




90. Charria, G., P. Lazure, B. Le Cann, A. Serpette, L. Marié, G. Reverdin, S. Louazel, A. Pichon, and Y. Morel, 2011 : Surface layer circulation derived from subsurface Lagrangian drifters in the Bay of Biscay. J. Mar. Sys., doi:10.1016/j.marsys.2011.09.015.


89. Copard, K., C. Colin, N. Frank, C. Jeandel, J.C. Montero-Serrano, G. Reverdin et B. Ferron, 2011. Nd isotopic composition of water masses and dilution of the Mediterranean outflow along south-west European margin. Geochemis. Geophys. Geosys., 12, Q06020, 14 pp., doi:10.1029/2011GC003529.


88. Després, A., G. Reverdin, et F. D’Ovidio, 2011. Mechanisms and spatial variability of meso scale frontogenesis in the northwestern North Atlantic Subpolar gyre. Ocean Modelling, 39, 97-113, doi:10.1016/j.ocemod.2010.12.005.


87. Després, A., G. Reverdin, et F. D’Ovidio, 2011. Summer-time modification of surface fronts in the North Atlantic subpolar gyre. J. Geophys. Res., 116, doi:10.129/2011JC006950.


86. Hamon, M., G. Reverdin and P.Y. le Traon, 2012. Empirical correction on XBT fall rate and its impact on heat content analysis. J. Atmos. and Oceanogr. Technol., 28, 1569-1578, doi:10.1175/JTECH-D-.11-00017.1.


85. Martin, A., J. Boutin, D. Hauser, M. Pardé, M. Zribi, G. Reverdin,  P. Fanise, J. Chanut, P. Lazure, J. Tenerelli, N. Reul, 2011. Remote sensing of sea surface salinity from CAROLS L-band radiometer in the Gulf of Biscay, IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing, 50, 5, 1703-1715.


84. Roquet, F., J.-B. Charrassin, S. Marchand, L. Boehme, M. Fedak, G. Reverdin and C. Guinet, 2011. Validation of hydrographic data obtained from animal-borne satellite relay data loggers. JAOTO, 28, 787-801, doi:10.1175/2010JTECHO801.1.


83. Rubio, A., G. Reverdin, A. Fontan, M. Gonzalez, and J. Mader, 2011. Mapping near-inertial variability in the SE Bay of Biscay from HF radar data and two offshore moored buoys. Geophys. Res. Lett., 38, doi :10.1029/2011GL048783.


82. Zribi, M., M. Pardé, J. Boutin, P. Fanise, D. Hauser, M. Dechambre, Y. Kerr, M. Leduc-Leballeur, G. Reverdin, N. Skou, S. Søbjærg, C. Albergel, J.C. Calvet, J.P. Wigneron, E. Lopez- Baeza, A. Ruis and J. Tenerelli, 2011. CAROLS: A New Airborne L-Band Radiometer for Ocean Surface and Land Observations, Sensors, 11, 719-742 doi:10.3390/s110100719.



81. Henocq, C., J. Boutin, G. Reverdin, F. Petitcolin, S. Arnault, P. Lattes, 2010. Vertical variability of near-surface salinity in the tropics: Consequences for L-band radiometer calibration and validation. JAOTO, 27, 192-209.


80. Metzl, N., A. Corbière, G. Reverdin, C. Brunet, D. Thuillier, R. Wanninkhof, D., Pierrot, A. Olsen, T. Takahashi and J. Olafsson, 2010. Recent acceleration of the winter fCO2 growth rate in the North Atlantic subpolar gyre surface waters, 1993-2008. Global Biogeochem. Cycles, 24, GB4004, doi:10.1029/2009GB003658.


79. G. Reverdin, J. Boutin, N. Martin, A. Lourenco, P. Bouruet-Aubertot, A. Lavin, J. Mader, P. Blouch, J. Rolland, F. Gaillard, P. Lazure, 2010. Drifters surface temperature measurements. JAOT-O, 27, 1403-1409. Doi:10.1175/2010JTECHO741.1


78. G. Reverdin, 2010. North Atlantic subpolar gyre surface variability (1895-2009). J. Climate, 17, 4571-4584. Doi:10.1175/2010JCLI3493.1



77. Ballu, V., J. Ammann, O. Pot, O. de Viron, G. Sasagawa, G. Reverdin, M.N. Bouin, M. Cannat, C. Deplus, S. Deroussi, M. Maia and M. Diament, 2009. A seafloor experiment to monitor vertical deformation at Lucky Strike volcano. J. Geodesy, 83(2), 147-159, doi:10.1007/s00190-008-0248-3.


76. Duvel, J-P., C. Basdevant, H. Bellenger, G. Reverdin, A. Vargas and J. Vialard, 2008, The Aeroclipper, Bull. Am. Met. Soc., Volume 90, Issue 1 (January 2009) pp. 63–71

DOI: 10.1175/2008BAMS2500.1.


75. Krémeur, A.-S., M. Lévy, O. Aumont, et G. Reverdin, 2009. Impact of the subtropical mode water biogeochemical properties on primary production in the North Atlantic: New insight from an idealized model study. J. Geophys. Res.,  114,  C07019,  doi:10.1029/2008JC005161.


74. Laurian, A., A. Lazar, and G. Reverdin, 2009. Generation mechanism of poleward propagating spiciness anomalies in the North Atlantic subtropical gyre. J. Phys. Oceanogr; 39, 1003-1018.


73. Merlivat, L., Gonzalez Davila.M., Caniaux.G., Boutin.J., and G. Reverdin, 2009, Mesoscale and diel to monthly variability of CO2 and carbon fluxes at the ocean surface  in the northeastern Atlantic, J. Geophys. Res., 114, C03010, doi:10.1029/2007JC004657  Published 2009


72. Reverdin, G., J.-C. Gascard, J.-C., B. LeCann, L. Prieur, M. Assenbaum, 2009. A long-lasting mode-water vortex in the North-East Atlantic Ocean. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 39, 536-558.


71. Reverdin, G., F. Marin, B. Bourlès, and P. L’Herminier, 2009, XBT temperature errors during French research cruises (1999-2008). J. Atmos. Oceanogr. Tech., 2009 early online release, posted May 2009 DOI: 10.1175/2009JTECHO655.1.


70. Reverdin, G., M. Lévy, P. Raimbault, et D. Lefèvre, 2009. Nutrients in mode waters of the North-east Atlantic. J. Geophys. Res.,  114,  C10004,  doi:10.1029/2009JC005546.



69. Thurnherr, A.M., G. Reverdin, P. Bouruet-Aubertot, L. St-Laurent, A. Vangriesheim, and V. Ballu, 2008. Hydrography and flow in the Lucky Strike Segment of  the mid-Atlantic ridge. J. Mar. Res., 66, 347-372.


68. Vage, K., R.S. Pickart, V. Thierry, G. Reverdin, C.M. Lee, B. Petrie, T.A. Agnew, A. Wong, and M.H. Ribergaard, 2008: Surprising return of deep convection to the subpolar North Atlantic Ocean in winter 2007-2008. Nature Geosciences, 2, 67-72.



67. Corbière, A., N. Metzl, G. Reverdin, C. Brunet, T. Takahashi, 2007. Interannual and decadal variability of the oceanic carbon sink in the North Atlantic subpolar gyre. Tellus B, 59, 2, 168-178.


66. Paci, A., G. Caniaux, M. Gavart, H. Giordani, M. Lévy, L. Prieur, et G. Reverdin, 2007. A high resolution simulation of the ocean during the POMME Experiment. Part II: . J. Geophys. Res., Vol. 112, C04007, doi:10.1029/2005JC003389,


65. Reverdin, G., E. Kestenare, C. Frankignoul, T. Delcroix, 2007. In situ surface salinity in the tropical and subtropical Atlantic Ocean. Part I. Large scale variability. Progress in Oceanogr., 73, 3, 311-340.


64. Reverdin, G., P. Blouch, J. Boutin, P. Niiler, J. Rolland, W. Scuba, A. Lourenço, A. Rios, 2007. Surface salinity measurements – COSMOS 2005 experiment in the Bay of Biscay. J. Atmos. and Ocean. Tech., 24, 1643-1654.



63. Bourras, D., G. Reverdin, G. Caniaux, et S. Belamari, 2006. A non-linear statistical model of air-sea fluxes. Mon. Wea. Rev., 135, 1077-1089, DOI :10.1175/MWR3335.1


62. Bourras, D., G. Caniaux, H. Giordani, et G. Reverdin, 2006. 'Influence d'un tourbillon océanique sur l'atmosphère', Météorologie  (Météorologie)  ISSN 0026-1181   CODEN MTEOAN, 2006, no53, pp. 30-37


Hurrell J.W., M. Visbeck, and A. Busalacchi, R. A. Clarke, T. L. Delworth, R. R. Dickson, W.E. Johns, K.P. Koltermann, Y. Kushnir, D. Marshall, C. Mauritzen, M. S. McCartney, A. Piola, C. Reason, G. Reverdin, F. Schott, R. Sutton, I. Wainer, and D. Wright, 2006. Atlantic Climate Variability and Predictability: A CLIVAR perspective. J. Climate,  19, 5100-5121.


61. Laurian, A., A. Lazar, G. Reverdin, P. Terray, K. Rodgers, 2006. Poleward propagation of spiciness anomalies in the North Atlantic Ocean. Geoph. Res. Lett., 33, L13603, doi :10.1029/2006GL026155.



60. Assenbaum, M., et G. Reverdin, 2005. Near real-time analyses of the mesoscale circulation during the POMME Experiment. Deep Sea Res., doi : 10.1016/j.dsr.2005.03.006


59. Caniaux, G., S. Belamari, H. Giordani, A. Paci, L. Prieur, and G. Reverdin, 2005. A one year sea surface heat budget in the Northeastern Atlantic basin during the POMME experiment. Part I : Flux estimates. J. Geophys. Res., 110, doi :10129/2004JC002596


58. Caniaux, G., S. Belamari, H. Giordani, A. Paci, L. Prieur, and G. Reverdin, 2005. A one year sea surface heat budget in the Northeastern Atlantic basin during the POMME experiment. Part II: Flux correction. J. Geophys. Res., 110, doi :10129/2004JC002695


57. Durand, F., et G. Reverdin, 2005, A statistical method for correcting salinity observations from PALACE floats : An ARGO perspective. J. Atmos. And Ocean. Tech, 22, 292-301.


56. LeCann, B., M. Assenbaum, J.-C. Gascard, G. Reverdin, 2005. Observed mean and mesoscale upper ocean circulations in the mid-latitude north-east Atlantic during the POMME experiment (September 2000- September 2001). J. Geophys. Res., 110, doi :10129/2004JC002768.


55. Memery, L., G. Reverdin, J. Paillet and A. Oschlies, 2005, Introduction to the POMME special section : Thermocline ventilation and biogeochemical tracer distribution in the northeast Atlantic Ocean and impact of meso-scale dynamics. J. Geophys. Res., 110, doi :10129/2004JC002976


54. Paci, A., G. Caniaux, M. Gavart, H. Giordani, M. Lévy, L. Prieur, et G. Reverdin, 2005. A high resolution simulation of the ocean during the POMME Experiment. Part I: Simulation results and comparison with observations. J. Geophys. Res. 110, doi :10129/2004JC002712.


53. Reverdin, G., M. Assenbaum, L. Prieur, 2005. POMME: the central waters. J. Geophys. Res., 110, doi :10129/2004JC002613.



52. Ferry, N., et G. Reverdin, 2004, Sea surface salinity interannual variability in the western tropical Atlantic : an ocean general circulation model study. J. Geophys. Res., 109, C05026, doi:10.1029/2003JC002122.


51. Illig, S., B. Dewitte, N. Ayoub, Y. du Penhoat, G. Reverdin, P. de Mey, F. Bonjean et G.S.E. Lagerloef, 2004. Interannual long equatorial waves in the tropical Atlantic from a high resolution OGCM experiment in 1981-2000. J. Geophys. Res., 109, 405-437, C02022, doi:10.1029/2003JC001771.


50. Vauclair, F., Y. du Penhoat et G. Reverdin, 2004, Heat and mass budgets of the warm upper layer of the tropical Atlantic Ocean in 1979-1999. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 34, 903-919.


49. Bourras, D., G. Reverdin, G. Caniaux, H. Giordani. 2004. Response of the atmospheric boundary layer to a mesoscale oceanic eddy in the northeast Atlantic. J. Geophys. Res., 109, doi:10.1029/2004JD004799.



48. Reverdin, G., P. Niiler, et H. Valdimarsson, 2003. North Atlantic surface currents. J. Geophys. Res., 108, C1, 3002, doi:10.1029/2001JC001020.


47. Verbrugge, N., et G. Reverdin, 2003. Contribution of horizontal advection to the interannual variability of sea surface temperature in the North Atlantic. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 33, 964-978.



46. Bacon, S., G. Reverdin, I. Rigor, et H.M. Snaith, 2002. A freshwater jet on the East Greenland shelf. J. Geophys. Res., 107, C7, doi:10.1029/2001JC000935.


45. Bojariu, R., et G. Reverdin, 2002. Large-scale variability modes of freshwater flux and precipitation over the Atlantic. Climate Dyn., 18, 369-381.


44. Deser, C., R. Holland, G. Reverdin, M. Timlin, 2002. Decadal variation in Labrador Sea ice cover and North Atlantic sea surface temperature. J. Geophys. Res., 107, C5, doi:10.1029/2000JC000683.


43. du Penhoat, Y., G. Reverdin, et G. Caniaux, 2002. A Lagrangian investigation of vertical turbulent heat fluxes in the upper ocean during TOGA COARE. J. Geophys. Res., 107, C5, doi:10.1029/2001JC000926.


42. Reverdin, G., F. Durand, J. Mortensen, F. Schott, H. Valdimarsson, W. Zenk, 2002. Recent changes in the surface salinity of the North Atlantic subpolar gyre. J. Geophys. Res., 107, C12, 8010, doi:10.1029/2001JC001010.



41. Krahmann, G., M. Visbeck, G. Reverdin, Formation and propagation of temperature anomalies along the North Atlantic Current. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 31, 1287-1303, 2001.


40. Reverdin, G., and F. Hernandez. The Azores current surface layer during October-December 1993.J. Mar. Sys, 29, 109-123, 2001.



39. Dewitte, B, and G. Reverdin. Vertical propagation in an OGCM simulation of the equatorial Pacific in 1985-1994. J. Phys. Oceanogr, 30, 1562-1581, 2000.


38. Ducet, N., P.Y. Le Traon, and G. Reverdin. Global high resolution mapping or ocean circulation from TOPEX/POSEIDON and ERS-1/2. J. Geophys. Res., 105, 19477-19498, 2000.


37. Ferry, N., G. Reverdin, A. Oschlies. Seasonal variability of the sea level in the North Atlantic. J. Geophys. Res., 105, 6307-6326, 2000.



36. Dewitte, B.,  G. Reverdin, et C. Maes. Vertical structure of an OGCM simulation of the equatorial Pacific ocean in 1985-1994. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 25, 1542-1570, 1999.


35. Reverdin, G., N. Verbrugge, et H. Valdimarsson. Variability in the upper ocean between Iceland and Newfoundland, 1993-1998. J. Geophys. Res., 104, 29,5 99-29,611, 1999.


34. Servain, J., A.J. Busalacchi, M.J. McPhaden, A.D. Moura, G. Reverdin, M. Vianna, aet S.E. Zebiak, 1998. A Pilot research moored array in the tropical Atlantic (PIRATA). Bull Amer. Meteorolog. Soc., 79, 2019-2031, 1998.


33. Reverdin, G., D. Cayan, et Y. Kushnir.  Decadal variability of hydrography in the upper northern North Atlantic 1948-1990, J. Geophys. Res., 102, 8505-8531, 1997.


32. Reverdin, G. Upper ocean temperature and salinity sections in the South Atlantic in 1911. J. Geophys. Res., 101, 6361-6376, 1996.


31. Reverdin, G., A. Kaplan, et M.A. Cane. Analysis of sea level from temperature profiles in the tropical Pacific, J.Geophys. Res., 101, 18,105-18,119, 1996.


30. Frankignoul, C., F. Bonjean, et G. Reverdin. Interannual variability of surface currents in the tropical Pacific during 1987-1993, J. Geophys. Res., 101, 3629-3647, 1996.


29. Lefevre, N., C. Andrié, Y. Dandonneau, G. Reverdin, et M. Rodier.  PCO2, Chemical properties and estimated new production in the equatorial Pacific in January March 1991, J. Geophys. Res., 99(C6), 12639-12654, 10.1029/94JC00293, 1994.


28. Reverdin, G., D. Cayan, H.D. Dooley, D.J. Ellett, S. Levitus, Y. du Penhoat, et A. Dessier. Surface salinity of the North Atlantic: Can we reconstruct its fluctuations over the last one hundred years? Progress in Oceanogr., 33, 303-346, 1994.


27. Reverdin, G., C. Frankignoul, E. Kestenare, et M.J. McPhaden. Seasonal variability in the surface currents of the equatorial Pacific. J. Geophys. Res., 99, 20,323-20, 344, 1994.


26. Reverdin, G., R.F. Weiss, et W.J. Jenkins. Ventilation of the Atlantic Ocean equatorial thermocline. J. Geophys. Res., 98, 16,2849-16,310, 1993.


25. Eldin, G., A. Morlière, et G. Reverdin. Acoustic Doppler current profiling along the Pacific equator from 95°W to 165°E. Geophys. Res. Letters, 19,913-19,916, 1992.


24. Gouriou, Y., et G. Reverdin. Isopycnal and diapycnal circulation of the upper equatorial Atlantic Ocean in 1983-1984. J. Geophys. Res., 97, 3543-3572, 1992.


23. Reverdin, G., P. Delecluse, C. Levy, P. Andrich, A. Morlière, et J.M. Verstraete. The near surface tropical Atlantic in 1982-1984. Results from a numerical simulation and a data analysis. Progress in Oceanogr., 27, 273-340, 1991.


22. Reverdin, G., P. Rual, Y. du Penhoat et Y. Gouriou. Vertical structure of the seasonal cycle in the subsurface tropical Atlantic Ocean: XBT sections from 1980-1988. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 21, 278-291, 1991.


21. Molinari, R. D. Olson, et G. Reverdin. Surface current distributions in the tropical Indian Ocean derived from compilations of surface buoys trajectories. J. Geophys. Res., 95, 7217-7238, 1990.


20. Morlière, A., G. Reverdin, et J. Merle. Assimilation of temperature profiles in a general circulation model of the tropical Atlantic Ocean. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 12, 1892-1899, 1989.


19. Reverdin, G., et M. Fieux. Temperature sections in the western Indian Ocean. Deep-Sea Res., 34, 601-626, 1987.


18. Reverdin, G. The upper equatorial Indian Ocean - The climatological seasonal cycle. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 17, 903-927, 1987.


17. Reverdin, G., et Y. du Penhoat. Modeled surface dynamic height in 1964-1984: An effort to assess how well the low frequencies in the equatorial Atlantic were sampled in 1982-1984. J. Geophys. Res., 92, 1899-1913, 1987.


16. Legeckis, R., et G. Reverdin. Long waves in the equatorial Atlantic Ocean during 1983. J. Geophys. Res., 92, 2835-2842, 1987.


15. Richardson, P. et G. Reverdin. Seasonal cycle of velocity in the Atlantic North Equatorial Countercurrent as measured by drifters, current meters, and shipdrifts. J. Geophys. Res., 92, 3691-3708, 1987.


14. Perigaud, C., J.-F. Minster, et G. Reverdin : Zonal slope variability of the tropical Indian Ocean studied from Seasat altimetry. J. Geodesy, 10, 53-68, 1987.


13. Reverdin, G., et J. Luyten. Near-surface meanders in the equatorial Indian Ocean. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 16, 104-116, 1986.


12. Reverdin, G., D. Cadet, et D. Gutzler. Interannual displacements of convection and surface circulation over the equatorial Indian Ocean. Quart. J. Roy. Meteor. Soc., 112, 43-67, 1986.


Reverdin, G., R. Molinari, et Y. du Penhoat. Thermocline depth distributions obtained in the tropical Atlantic Ocean during FGGE (1979). Deep-Sea Res., 33, 43-53, 1986.


10. Reverdin, G., et M. McPhaden. Near surface current and temperature variability observed in the equatorial Atlantic from drifting buoys. J. Geophys. Res., 91, 6569-6581, 1986.


9. Reverdin, G. Convergence in the equatorial surface jets of the Indian Ocean. J. Geophys. Res., 90, 11,741-11,750, 1985.


8. Reverdin, G. Heat budget of the tropical Atlantic. Seasonal upwellings. Deep-Sea Res., 32, 363-368, 1984.


7. Reverdin, G., et M. Cane. The near surface equatorial Indian Ocean in 1979. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 14, 1817-1828, 1984.


6. Reverdin, G., M. McPhaden, et J. Gonella. Temperature variations in the equatorial Atlantic as revealed by drifting buoys. Geophys. Res. Letters, 11, 793-794, 1984.


5. McPhaden, M., G. Reverdin, J. Merle, Y. Du Penhoat, et A. Kartavtseff. Objective analysis of simulated equatorial Atlantic Ocean data on seasonal time scales. Deep-Sea Res., 31, 551-569, 1983.


4. Reverdin, G., J. Gonella, et J.F. Murail. Etude comparative de dérives de bouées. Oceanol. Acta, 7, 131-136, 1983.


3. Reverdin, G., et J. Sommeria. The dynamical structure of the Planetary Boundary Layer over the Arabian Sea, as deduced from constant-level ballon trajectories. J. Atmos. Sci., 40, 1435-1452, 1982.


2. Cadet, D., et G. Reverdin. Water vapour transport over the Indian Ocean during summer 1975. Tellus, 33, 476-487., 1981.


Cadet, D., et G. Reverdin. The monsoon over the Indian Ocean during summer 1975. Part I: Mean fields. Mon Wea. Rev., 109, 148-158, 1981.


4. Non-refereed publications (since 1996)

Mulet, S., R. Dussurget, M.-J. Pujol, A. Somme, N. Kolodziejczyk, G. Reverdin. Surface current field improvements – Regional altimetry for SPURS. Coriolis-Mercator Newsletter, april 2015.

Kolodziejczyk, N., J. Boutin, O. Hernandez, A. Sommer, G. Reverdin, S. Marchand, N. Martin, J.-L. Vergely, and X. Yin. Argo and SMOS SSS combination helps monitoring SSS variability from basin scale to mesoscale. Coriolis-Mercator Newsletter, april 2015.

Roquet, F., S. Blain, C. Guinet, et G. Reverdin. Elephant seals as an innovative source of in-situ observations in the southern ocean. Argos Newsletter, april 2015.

F. Roquet, S. Blain, C. Guinet, et G. Reverdin. Elephant seals help us to better observe the Southern Ocean. Coriolis-Mercator Newsletter, april 2014.

Dufresne, J.-L., S. Bony, O. Boucher, E. Brun, J. Cattiaux, F. Chauvin, D. Salas, A. Voldoire, L. Bopp, P. Braconnot, P. Ciais, P. You, E. Guilyardi, G. Reverdin, C. Guivarch. Projection des changements climatiques futurs. La Météorologie.

G. Reverdin1, S. Morisset1, J. Boutin1, N. Martin1, F. D’Ovidio1, L. Marié2, F. Gaillard2,  V. Thierry2, D. Diverres3, G. Alory4, J. Font5, J. Salvador5,  S. Le Reste6, X. André6, H. Claustre7, F. Nencioli8, B. Ward, 2013. European contributions to SPURS (Salinity Processes in the Upper Ocean regional Study): research cruise Strasse, Argo and Provbio floats, surface drifters, ships of opportunity. Coriolis-Mercator Newsletter, avril 2013.

G. Reverdin. Campagne Strasse. La Météorologie, mai 2012.

S. Morisset, G. Reverdin, J. Boutin, N. Martin, X. Yin, F. Gaillard, P. Blouch, J. Rolland, J. Font, J. Salvador. Surface salinity drifters for SMOS validation. Mercator Ocean-Coriolis Quaterly Newsletter, April 2012.

Hamon, M., P.-Y. Le Traon, et G. Reverdin, 2011. Empirical correction of XBT fall rate. Mercator Ocean-Coriolis Quaterly Newsletteter 41, April 2011, 18-25.

E. Brion, F. Gaillard, L. Petit de la Villéon, T. Delcroix, G. Alory, and G. Reverdin, 2011. Collecting and gridding complementary in-situ SST/SSS data for the calibration and validation of SMOS. Mercator Ocean-Coriolis Quaterly Newsletter 41, April 2011, 33-41.

Reverdin, G., P. L’Herminier, V. Thierry et H. Mercier, 2007. Recent observed variability in the North Atlantic subpolar gyre circulation. Dans le rapport français quadriennal pour l’IUGG.

Reverdin, G., V. Thierry, et al. French report on oceanography to ICES WGOH. April 2007.

Laurian, A., A. Lazar, G. Reverdin, 2006. Poleward propagation of spiciness anomalies in the North Atlantic Ocean. MERCATOR Newsletter, July 2006.

Mathias, D., G. Reverdin, F. Gaillard, et Y. Gouriou, 2006. Correction of thermosalinograph data, 2006. Coriolis Newsletter 3.

Reverdin, G., P. Blouch, W. Scuba, P. Niiler, J. Boutin et N. Barre, 2006. Surface salinity drifters during the COMOS experiment in the Bay of Biscay. Coriolis Newsletter 2.

Reverdin, G., E. Kestenare, J. Boutin, N. Chouaib, F. Gaillard, et D. Mathias. Surface salinity (KALSAL, COSMOS) – MERCATOR Newsletter, July 2006.

G. Reverdin et L. Memery, 2003. POMME. Lettre IGBP-France

G. Reverdin, 2002. De l'influence des courants océaniques sur les fluctuations du climat de grandes régions. La houille blanche, 8-2002, 52-56.

Reverdin, G., 2002 . Salinité de surface de l’océan Atlantique nord. Lettre IGBP-France.

Reverdin, G., 1999, Ships of opportunity between Iceland and Newfoundland. Maritimes, 41, 15-18, May 1999.

Reverdin, G., 1998, La fluctuation décennale de l'Atlantique nord. Pour la Science, 92-96, 1998.

Reverdin, G., 1998, Variabilité du gyre subpolaire de l'Atlantique nord au cours des 10 dernières années. Séminaire sur l'apport des observations spatiales en océanographie, October 1998, Institut Océanographique. (published in Oceanis)

Reverdin, G., 1996, Historical salinity data of the northern Atlantic Ocean. Ocean Challenge, 6 (1), pp. 40-47, 1996.




Book chapters

Beherera, S., P. Brandt et G. Reverdin, 2013. The tropical ocean circulation. Chapitre 15 in volume. Ocean circulation and climate. G. Siedler, C. Church and J. Gould. International Geophysics, voL., 103, Elsevier.


Eymard, L., et G. Reverdin, 2013. Les interactions océan-atmosphère. Dans 'Mer et océan' (vol. 1). André Monaco et Patrick Prouzet. Ed., Hermés, octobre 2013.


Farcy, P., G. Reverdin et P. Bertrand, 2015. L’observation de la mer. Dans ‘Mer et Océan’ (vol. 5), André Monaco et Patrick Prouzet. Ed., Hermès, (end 2015)


Reverdin, G., et M.-N. Houssais, 2014. Les courants océaniques autour du Groenland. Le Groënland. Ed. D. Swingedouw.


Reverdin, G., 2011. Les oceans. Le climat à découvert. CNRS éditions. Ed. C. Jeandel et R. Mosseri.


Godfrey, J.S., G.C. Johnson, J.M. McPhaden, G. Reverdin and S.E. Wijffels, 2001. The tropical Ocean circulation. Dans Ocean circulation and climate, Intern. Geophys. Ser., 77, 215-246, Academic Press, G. Siedler, J. Church et J. Gould Ed.


Fieux, M., and G. Reverdin, 2001. Current systems in the Indian Ocean. Encyclopedia of the oceans.


Reverdin, G, 1996. The physical processes of open ocean upwelling systems. In "Upwelling in the Ocean: Modern Processes and Ancient records". Edited by C.P. Summerhayes, K.-C. Emeis, M.V. Angel, R.L. Smith, and B. Zeitzschel, John Wiley & Sons, pp. 125-148.